User Name:
Forgot Password?
Home | Current Issue | Past Covers | About Us | Contact Us | Write For Us
"Time is the scarcest resource, and unless it is managed, nothing else can be managed." - Peter Drucker
Cover Theme
- Making The Difference
- Miss NRI Global 2005
- Mrs. NRI Global 2005
Topic A
- Bubbling With Creativity
- Rhodes Scholar
Business & Investing
- Investment Rush to India
From The History Books
- 500 Year Ago In Ceylon
- 400 Year Ago In Fathepur Sikri
- 100 Year Ago In Calcutta
Face Time
- Harish Saluja
My Turn
- Causality and Correlation
- Milestones
- Inside the Numbers
- They Said It
Friday July 12, 2024
From the History Books:
100 Years Ago in Calcutta
Vol: 1 Num: 1    Winter 2006
Lord Curzon announces the partition of Bengal in 1905, which soon became a rallying point for the freedom movement

100 years ago in 1905 Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India, partitioned Bengal. It soon became a rallying point for the freedom movement. Initially introduced as a way to improve the administrative efficiency, the Partition of Bengal was seen as a ‘Divide and Rule’ policy to increase imperial control.

With a population of 85 million spread over 189,000 sq. miles, Bengal was too big for efficient administration. However, Lord George Nathaniel Curzon’s plan created a Muslim majority province of Eastern Bengal and Assam and a Bihărì and Oriyă speaking Hindu majority province in West Bengal. This left Bengali Hindus without a majority in either new Bengal province. “Bhadralok” or intellectual Bengalis, who were more outspoken, thought this move to marginalize them.

Their initial rhetorical protests soon translated into boycott of British-made goods. This ‘swadeshi movement’ was later embraced by Indian National Congress and turned into a potent non-violent weapon by Mahatma Gandhi. After his first term as viceroy from 1899 to 1904, Lord Curzon was offered a second term. However, His partitioning of Bengal along with Universities Act of 1904 to reorganize governing bodies of Calcutta University generated so much heat that he had to resign within a year of second term.

Source: Encyclopedia Britannica



Home --- Current Issue --- Past Covers --- About Us --- Contact Us --- Write For Us